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CBD Terms for Beginners

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CBD Terms for Beginners

If you’re fairly new to the world of CBD, you’re probably overwhelmed by the vast amount of jargon surrounding CBD products. It’s important to understand the meaning of these terms to ensure that you’re getting the best possible product for your money. For that reason, we’ve put together this list of commonly used terms and what they mean for your reference.


Cannabidiol – See CBD

Cannabinoid – Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found within the Cannabis plant.

Cannabis – Cannabis is a plant family that includes many species such as Hemp and Marijuana. Although Hemp and Marijuana come from the same plant family, they have distinctly different purposes and uses.

CBD – CBD stands for Cannabidiol, which is one of the 104 chemical compounds, known as Cannabinoids, found within the Cannabis plant. CBD can be extracted from both Hemp and Marijuana plants as well as being synthesised in a lab.

Endocannabinoid – The Endocannabinoid System is a network of receptors that interact with cannabinoids to maintain vital functions throughout our body. CB1 receptors are found abundantly in regions of the brain responsible for mental and physiological processes such as memory, high cognition, emotion, and motor coordination, while CB2 receptors are found throughout the central nervous and immune systems.

Full Spectrum – Full Spectrum CBD products contain both CBD and other molecules of the plant. It is the least refined version of CBD, meaning that you get a wider range of cannabinoids and terpenes within the product. It is sometimes referred to as “whole-plant”

Hemp – Hemp and Industrial Hemp is a strain of the Cannabis plant that is grown specifically for agricultural products such as textiles, seeds and oils. The average THC content of Hemp is less than 1%.

Isolate – Isolate CBD products have been refined to include only the CBD molecules of the Cannabis plant. The are no other active ingredients within Isolate products.

Marijuana – Marijuana is known for its flowering tops of the plant. The flowers are typically bred to have a high THC content. The average THC content of Marijuana is more than 10%. Growing Marijuana plants within the UK is currently illegal.

MG – Usually seen on product labelling as ‘500mg’ or similar. Here, ‘mg’ stands for milligrams. It refers to the strength of the CBD product. The higher the milligrams within a product, the stronger it will be.

Terpenes – Terpenes are natural compounds found in all plants, responsible for their smells, flavours and colours. Terpenes within Cannabis plants interact with the Endocannabinoid system to deliver different results to the user.

THC – THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. It is a crystalline compound that is the main active ingredient of cannabis. It is one of the 104 chemical compounds, known as Cannabinoids, found within the Cannabis plant. THC is a psychoactive compound responsible for the “high” associated with Cannabis.


For more educational resources on CBD and its uses, visit 

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